Question: When did the Pendle witch trials take place?

The trials in Lancaster in August 1612 are among the most famous witchcraft trials in history.

When did the Pendle witch trials start and end?

The trials took place from 18-19 August 1612. The accused were denied witnesses to plead their innocence, and in a remarkable turn of events the key witness for the prosecution was Elizabeth Device’s youngest child, nine year old Jennet Device.

How long did the Pendle witch trials last?

Nine of the accused – Alizon Device, Elizabeth Device, James Device, Anne Whittle, Anne Redferne, Alice Nutter, Katherine Hewitt, John Bulcock and Jane Bulcock – were found guilty during the two-day trial and hanged at Gallows Hill in Lancaster on 20 August 1612; Elizabeth Southerns died while awaiting trial.

What time period did the witch trials take place?

Salem witch trials, (June 1692–May 1693), in American history, a series of investigations and persecutions that caused 19 convicted “witches” to be hanged and many other suspects to be imprisoned in Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony (now Danvers, Massachusetts).

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What were the Pendle witches names?

The Pendle Witches lived during the reigns of Elizabeth I (1558 – 1603) and James I (1603 – 1625).

They were:

  • Anne Whittle (“Old Chattox”)
  • Ann Redfearn.
  • Elizabeth Device (“Squinting Lizzie”)
  • Alice Nutter.
  • Alison Device.
  • James Device.
  • Katherine Hewitt.
  • Jane Bulcock.

Where were the Pendle witches hung?

On August 20th 1612 ten people convicted of witchcraft at the Summer Assize held in Lancaster Castle went to the gallows on the moors above the town.

What were the Pendle witches accused of?

by Ellen Castelow. Perhaps the most notorious witch trial of the 17th century, the legend of the Pendle witches is one of the many dark tales of imprisonment and execution at Lancaster Castle. Twelve people were accused of witchcraft; one died while held in custody, eleven went to trial.

Why is Pendle Hill not a mountain?

Topography. Pendle Hill is separated from the nearby main bulk of the Bowland Fells by the River Ribble. This isolation means that Pendle Hill is in fact the most prominent child summit of Kinder Scout, far away in the Peak District, rather than a child of Ward’s Stone, the highest point in Bowland.

What is a group of witches called?

coven, basic group in which witches are said to gather. One of the chief proponents of the theory of a coven was the English Egyptologist Margaret Murray in her work The Witch Cult in Western Europe (1921). According to her a coven consists of 12 witches and a devil as leader.

Why did the Salem witch trials happen?

The infamous Salem witch trials began during the spring of 1692, after a group of young girls in Salem Village, Massachusetts, claimed to be possessed by the devil and accused several local women of witchcraft. … By September 1692, the hysteria had begun to abate and public opinion turned against the trials.

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What happened to Sarah Good’s husband?

Sarah was left with no dowry and no prospects beyond marriage to an indentured servant named Daniel Poole who left her heavily in debt when he died soon after. … Her husband told the examiners that she was “an enemy to all good”.

When was the last witch trial in England?

The last execution for witchcraft in England was in 1684, when Alice Molland was hanged in Exeter. James I’s statute was repealed in 1736 by George II. In Scotland, the church outlawed witchcraft in 1563 and 1,500 people were executed, the last, Janet Horne, in 1722.

Does Malkin Tower still exist?

The location of Malkin Tower is uncertain. It may have been demolished shortly after the 1612 trials, as it was common at the time to dismantle empty buildings and recycle the materials. The building may also have been destroyed to eradicate the “melancholy associations” of the place.

How difficult is Pendle Hill?

It’s a well-kept trail, and while it is quite a tough gradient, it doesn’t take that long to reach the summit. What is this? From the base of the hill near Barley Lane, it took us around 25 minutes to climb to the top.