John Locke was inspired by the humanistic and enlightened viewpoint that all humans are equal. So he refuted the doctrine of the divine and absolute right of the monarch in his book ‘Two Treatises of Government’.
Which French philosopher refuted the doctrine of the divine?
– John Locke was the one who refuted the doctrine of divine and absolute right because he was motivated by the humanistic and elucidated viewpoint that all humans are equal. This option is correct. – Rousseau is a Genevan philosopher.
Who wrote the doctrine of the divine right?
The Scots textbooks of the divine right of kings were written in 1597–1598 by James VI of Scotland despite Scotland never having believed in the theory and where the monarch was regarded as the “first among equals” on a par with his people.
Who sought to refute the doctrine of the divine and absolute right of the monarch?
In his Two Treatises of Government, Locke sought to refute the doctrine of the divine and absolute right of the monarch.
What is the meaning of refute the doctrine of the divine?
He wanted to prove that the Doctrine of the Divine was false. Refute means to prove something false. … The doctrine of Divine was a doctrine that stated that the Monarch was appointed by God Himself and hence the Monarch cannot be subjected and questioned by any earthly humans.
Who led the members of Third Estate?
Answer: Mirabeau and Abbe Sieyes led the members of the 3rd estate who assembled in the hall of an indoor tennis court in the grounds of Versailles, on 20 June. The 3rd estate declared themselves a National Assembly and wanted a constitution for France that would limit the powers of the monarch.
Who was the famous leader of Jacobin club?
Maximilien Robespierre was a radical democrat and key figure in the French Revolution of 1789. Robespierre briefly presided over the influential Jacobin Club, a political club based in Paris. He also served as president of the National Convention and on the Committee of Public Safety.
Did Protestants believe in the Divine Right of Kings?
Charles believed in the Divine Right of Kings. This is the idea that God had chosen him to be king and that Parliament had a less important role in government. Protestants believed that, like in their relationship in prayer with God, there was a closer dialogue between the ruler and the ruled.
Why did Louis XIV want absolute power?
King Louis XIV dubbed himself the Sun King because, as the central power in France, he believed that his subjects revolved around him the way the planets revolve around the sun. An absolute monarchy is one in which the king is God’s representative on Earth, giving him absolute power that’s free from all restraints.
Why did Charles V have difficulty governing his empire quizlet?
Why did Charles V have difficulty governing his empire? Hapsburg lands were spread out over too wide an area.
Who was the king of France at the time of French Revolution?
Louis XVI, also called (until 1774) Louis-Auguste, duc de Berry, (born August 23, 1754, Versailles, France—died January 21, 1793, Paris), the last king of France (1774–92) in the line of Bourbon monarchs preceding the French Revolution of 1789.
When was France declared a republic?
In the history of France, the First Republic, officially the French Republic, was founded on 21 September 1792 during the French Revolution. The First Republic lasted until the declaration of the First Empire on 18 May 1804 under Napoleon, although the form of the government changed several times.